World Constitutions A Comparative Study By Vishnoo Bhagwan
Despite the fact that the fundamental law of the state the constitution was adopted more than 80 years ago, it is still at the beginning of its development. One of the major reasons is that in 50 years of Soviet occupation, the state of Latvia and constitutionalism could exist only in the imagination of the people. The Republic of Latvia was established on November 18, 1918, and existed till the Soviet’s occupation in 1940. The Republic of Latvia was restored on May 4, 1990.
The Republic of Latvia’s first legislative institution was called the People’s Council. A proto parliament was established with the agreement of eight political parties as a body of 40 members on November 17, 1918, at a time when elections could not yet be held. Mandates in the council were granted not to individuals, but to parties. Each party had a certain number of seats in the council, and these were filled by the members it authorized.
The People’s Council adopted several important laws, on rural local governments and their election, on the Lat-vian monetary system, on educational institutions, and on citizenship. Council elaborated a political platform that can be regarded as the first provisional constitution of the Re-public of Latvia. On August 19, 1919, the People’s Council adopted a law calling for a constitutional assembly, which was duly elected and held its first session on May 1, 1920
Focusing on the study of historic and current constitutions of governments, World Constitutions Illustrated enables scholars to research the constitutional and political development of every country in the world. It includes substantial constitutional histories
for all countries. For every constitutional document, researchers can find the original text, amending laws, consolidated text, and important related texts. It also contains constitutional periodicals, thousands of classic books, other related works such as the World Factbook, links to scholarly articles and online resources, and bibliographic references.
World Constitutions Illustrated contains the current constitution of every country in the world in its original language. Where multiple original-language versions exist, we provide them. Most countries also include at least one English translation. Since translations depend on and reveal the preferences of makers and time, we provide multiple versions when available. World Constitutions A Comparative Study By Vishnoo Bhagwan